Glyptocephalus cynoglossus

Author: Linnaeus, 1758

Glyptocephalus cynoglossus Linnaeus, 1758

Status in World Register of Marine Species:
Accepted name: Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Linnaeus, 1758) (updated 2009-06-25)

Diagnosis: pectoral fin of eyed side shorter than head. Dorsal finrays 95-120; anal finrays 85-102. Lateral line scales 110-140. Colour: brownish or greyish-brown; body and fins thickly speckled with minute black dots; median fins more or less dusky towards their margins, distal part of pectoral fin blackish. Size: to about 60 cm SL, seldom more than 40 cm.

Habitat: on soft bottoms in fairly deep water, most often between 50 and 500 m. Food: crustaceans, polychaetes and brittlestars. Reproduction: spawns between May and September. Commercial importance: taken as by-catch mainly in the North Sea and off Iceland.

Distribution: eastern Atlantic, from northern Spain to northern Norway. Elsewhere, western Atlantic southwards to Cape Cod.

Eggs, larvae and young stages. Ehrenbaum, 1905: 171-177 | Norman, 1934: 269.
Otoliths (sagitta). Schmidt, 1968: 62.