Pungitius pungitius

Author: (Linnaeus, 1758)

Pungitius pungitius (Linnaeus, 1758)

Status in World Register of Marine Species:
Accepted name: Pungitius pungitius (Linnaeus, 1758) (updated 2009-06-25)

Diagnosis: 9 or 10 free spines in front of dorsal fin. Caudal peduncle with a well-developed lateral keel. Scute development variable. Size: less than 7 cm SL.

Habitat: a largely freshwater species only rarely entering brackish water. Behaviour similar to Gasterosteus aculeatus. Food: small invertebrates. Reproduction: similar to G. aculeatus.

Distribution: coastal lands around the North and the Baltic Seas, also circumpolar across northern Eurasia and northern America.

Eggs, larvae and young stages. Ransom, 1865: 449-451 (nest) | Schneider, 1900: 58, pl. II (fig. 13-14) | Ehrenbaum, 1905: 1319-1321, fig. 116a-b | Okada, 1959-1960: pl. LI (Pungitius pungitius tymensis).
Otoliths (sagitta). Chaine, 1958: 212-214, pl. [III] (first row from top).