Syngnathus phlegon

Author: Risso, 1826

Syngnathus phlegon Risso, 1826

Status in World Register of Marine Species:
Accepted name: Syngnathus phlegon Risso, 1827 (updated 2009-06-25)

Diagnosis: rings 17-19 + 47-50, D 38-49, P 14-16, total subdorsal rings 12-14. Snout long and slender, its length more than half of HL; body rings prominent, distal margins typically with somewhat elevated spinelike points in sub-adults and adults. Colour: dorsum and upper part of side blue, shading to silver ventrally; often with a blue-black blotch on dorsum of each ring. Size: to 20 cm TL.

Habitat: pelagic, typically offshore. Food: no data. Reproduction: brooding throughout year, mostly April-October. Males with 300-400 pouch-eggs (1.3-1.4 mm diameter); early free-living young about 18 mm TL.

Distribution: Mediterranean Sea and adjacent Atlantic coasts, mostly in western Mediterranean.

Eggs, larvae and young stages. Rauther, 1925: 9, pl. XXI (fig. 225) | d'Ancona, 1933: 293, pl. XVII (fig. 7-8).
Otoliths (sagitta). No data.