Dicologlossa cuneata

Author: [de la Pylaie] Moreau, 1881

Dicologlossa cuneata [de la Pylaie] Moreau, 1881

Status in World Register of Marine Species:
Accepted name: Dicologlossa cuneata (Moreau, 1881) (updated 2009-06-25)

Diagnosis: body oval, but elongate and tapering backward. Upper eye less than its own diameter from dorsal profile of head; anterior nostril on blind side not enlarged, anterior nostril on eyed side with a backward-pointing tube, not or hardly reaching vertical through front margin of lower eye. Dorsal fin beginning at vertical through front margin of upper eye, with 74-95 finrays; pectoral fin on eyed side with 7-11 finrays, on blind side a little shorter, with 5-11 finrays; anal fin with 62-78 finrays; caudal fin united to dorsal and anal fins by a littledeveloped membrane. Lateral line with 100 -140 pored scales, the supratemporal branch forming an angular S-shape, the ascending part running upward and backward; scales rectangular, the intercanalicular striae of Dicologlossa type . Vertebrae 43-47. Colour: eyed side grey/brown to chocolate/brown, blind side whitish; pectoral fin on eyed side with an oblong black blotch in middle. Size: to 30 cm SL.

Habitat: demersal, mostly on sandy or sand-mud bottoms in warmer waters on continental shelf, at depths of 10-100 m (Bay of Biscay) down to 400 m (Mauritania), with temperature above 9 °C. Food: a wide range of small bottom-living organisms, mainly crustaceans (amphipods, shrimps, small crabs), polychaete worms, bivalve molluscs, etc. Reproduction: spawns in Bay of Biscay May-September in water above 12-14°C., during winter to late autumn (Mediterranean).

Distribution: eastern Atlantic (Bay of Biscay southward) and Mediterranean. Elsewhere, southward to South Africa.

Eggs, larvae and young stages. No data.
Otoliths (sagitta). Chaine, 1936: 195, pl. 12 | Bauzá-Rullán, 1956b: 125, pl. 8 (fig. 40-47) | Schmidt, 1968: 63, pl. 13 (fig. 179), pl. 24.