Lobotes surinamensis

Author: (Bloch, 1790)

Lobotes surinamensis (Bloch, 1790)

Status in World Register of Marine Species:
Accepted name: Lobotes surinamensis (Bloch, 1790) (updated 2009-06-25)

Diagnosis: body compressed, height about 2 in SL. Profile of head concave; upper jaw very protractile; lips thick; head 3 in SL; narrow bands of villiform teeth on jaws, outer row enlarged and conical. Preoperculum strongly serrate (juveniles) or finely serrate (adults). Dorsal finrays XI-XII + 14-16; anal finrays III + 11. Soft part of dorsal and anal fins protruding; caudal fin rounded. Gillrakers 5 + 13-15 (all lanceolate). Lateral line scales to caudal base 37-45; 10 scales on caudal fin. Colour: blackish-grey on the back, silvery on the sides and below; juveniles yellow with dark irregular blotches on body. Size: to 1 m SL.

Habitat: in littoral zone of all warm seas. Food: carnivorous. Reproduction: no data.

Distribution: in the Mediterranean and off Madeira and the Azores. Elsewhere, in all warm seas.

Eggs, larvae and young stages. Beebe and Tee Van, 1928: 145 | Gudger, 1931: 58, fig. 3-5 | Ranzi, 1933: 382, fig. 262.
Otoliths (sagitta). No data.