Lycodes rossi

Author: Malmgren, 1864

Lycodes rossi Malmgren, 1864

Status in World Register of Marine Species:
Accepted name: Lycodes rossi Malmgren, 1865 (updated 2009-06-25)

Diagnosis: body fairly elongate, its depth 10-11% TL at anal origin, covered with small scales to middle of pectoral fin, but belly and unpaired fins naked (scales not so small and densely arranged as in L. seminudus). Upper angle of operculum angular, but not elongated. Pectoral fin 11-13% TL, with (17) 18-19 (20) finrays; preanal distance 46-52% TL. Lateral line single, midlateral. Vertebrae 98-99. Colour: dark, with 5-8 short, light cross-bands on back and dorsal fin; light band (or spots) at nape; transverse light bands on body never becoming a network in older fishes. Size: to 31 cm, usually 20-25 cm.

Habitat: benthic on muddy bottoms at (42) 130-365 m, with bottom temperatures usually below O °C and salinities at least 34°/00. Food: amphipods, polychaetes, bivalves (Propeamussium). Reproduction: no data.

Distribution: just north of Iceland, northern Norway (Porsanger Fjord) and Barents Sea (but not in southern parts). Elsewhere, eastward to Kara and Beaufort Seas.

Eggs, larvae and young stages. Lütken, 1886: 136, pl. XVII (fig. 45) | Jensen, 1904b: pl. VII (fig. Ia-d).
Otoliths (sagitta). No data.