Coryphoblennius galerita

Author: Linnaeus, 1758

Coryphoblennius galerita Linnaeus, 1758

Status in World Register of Marine Species:
Accepted name: Coryphoblennius galerita (Linnaeus, 1758) (updated 2009-06-25)

Diagnosis: gill membranes united. Tentacles on nasal opening and nape, the former an unpaired, fleshy, triangular structure. Lateral line reduced. Canine teeth in lower jaw; dentaries joined by ligament. Clublike glands at ends of dorsal finrays. Dorsal finrays XIII + 16-17; anal finrays II + 16 19; pectoral finrays 12; pelvic finrays I + 3. Colour: basic coloration light grey or brown; dark vertical bars on body; Atlantic specimens often dark-spotted; spawning males totally dark or marbled with white upper lip. Size: to 8 cm.

Habitat: steep rocks in intertidal or surf zone, sometimes in supralittoral zone. Behaviour: day active, especially at high tide; during night sleeping up to 0.4 m above water-level. Males court by lateral rocking of head. Food: bottom invertebrates, especially barnacles; also algae which are scraped from substrate. Reproduction: May-August. Males hold territories in depressions, crevices or piddock holes. Egg-masses from many females guarded by male.

Distribution: Mediterranean, Black Sea and from southern Ireland, Cornwall and Brittany southwards to Guinea; also off the Azores and the Canaries.

Eggs, larvae and young stages. Padoa, 1956b: 724-727, pl. 43 (fig. 14-16).
Otoliths (sagitta). No data.