Anarhichas denticulatus

Author: Kröyer, 1845

Anarhichas denticulatus Kroyer, 1845

Status in World Register of Marine Species:
Accepted name: Anarhichas denticulatus Krøyer, 1845 (updated 2009-06-25)

Diagnosis. body fairly deep, tissue soft, watery, jelly-like to handle. Head large, a little pointed; jaw teeth strong, canine-like teeth in front, rounded or pointed teeth behind; teeth on vomer large, rounded or pointed, not reaching back as far as line of palatine teeth on either side of them. Caudal fin truncate, with 18-22 finrays. Colour: greyish to dark chocolate, with light violet sheen, often with blurred dark bars or or spots on back and sides. Size: to 138 cm TL, usually 70-120 cm.

Habitat: offshore waters in midwater; adults also near bottom at 30-970 m, mainly 1O0-900 m. Food: sea gooseberries, medusae, small fishes, also echinoderms, crustaceans and molluscs (not so hard-shelled as in A. Iupus). Reproduction: April-October; 2 pelagic larvae recorded in May; clusters of eggs not yet found.

Distribution: Spitsbergen, Novaya Zemlya, Barents and Norwegian Seas, the Shetlands, the Faroes, Iceland and south-eastern coasts of Greenland; also known occasionally in northern North Sea and Skaggerak. Elsewhere, south-western coasts of Greenland and southward almost to Cape Cod.

Eggs, larvae and young stages: Koefoed, 1907: pl. LXXVII (fig. 12) | Barsukov, 1959, fig. 42 (3) | Baranenkova et al., 1960 | Barsukov, 1961: 25, fig. 1; 1967: 177-178.
Otoliths (sagitta): Nijssen, 1964: 181-183, fig. 3 | Schmidt, 1968: 47, pl. 9, fig. 126.