Cetonurus globiceps

Author: Vaillant, 1888

Cetonurus globiceps Vaillant, 1888

Status in World Register of Marine Species:
Accepted name: Cetonurus globiceps (Vaillant, 1884) (updated 2009-06-25)

Diagnosis: body robust, but tapering very rapidly behind anus; head large, broad and deep, expanded and soft, with crest and sensory canals well developed. Snout high and broad, 33-41% head length; mouth small, subterminal, low on head, with small pointed teeth in bands on both jaws; gill openings not reaching forward beyond vertical from hind border of eye; branchiostegal rays 7; chin barbel very short. First dorsal fin with 9-12 finrays, the second (spinous) finray serrated, second dorsal fin a short distance behind first, long and low; pectoral fin with 16-19 finrays; pelvic fin insertion in front of pectoral fin base, with 8-10 finrays. Scales relatively small, with slender spinules; a series of enlarged and more heavily armed scales along base of second dorsal fin. Light organ a short blackish area just before a naked area around the anus, produced anteriorly into a white or light-coloured triangle. Colour: body brown to dark brown, gular and branchiostegal membranes even darker; mouth, gill cavity and body cavity blackish. Size: to at least 45 cm TL.

Habitat: benthopelagic at 960-4,261 m, probably mostly at 1,000-2,000 m in Atlantic. Food: small fishes and planktonic crustaceans. Reproduction: no data.

Distribution: the Azores, Madeira and off Morocco northward to Bay of Biscay. Elsewhere, southward to the Canaries and Senegal, also western Atlantic (Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean), Indonesia and Japan.

Eggs, larvae and young stages. No data.
Otoliths (sagitta). Vaillant, 1888: 214, pl. XX (fig. 1).