Rhinonemus cimbrius

Author: (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rhinonemus cimbrius (Linnaeus, 1758)

Status in World Register of Marine Species:
Accepted name: Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus, 1766) (updated 2009-06-25)

Diagnosis: first dorsal finrays 1, second dorsal finrays 45-55; anal finrays 36-49. Vertebrae 50-56. Colour: variable, sandy or reddish-brown, lighter on sides, dark oval spot at hind end of second dorsal and anal fins, sometimes several spots on second dorsal fin and sides of body. Size: to 41 cm SL, usually 25-30 cm.

Habitat: on bottom, to 550 m, rarely at 50 m, on soft mud or sand. Behaviour: Little known, local migrations inshore in autumn and offshore in spring. Food: crustaceans, polychaetes, molluscs. Reproduction: from January to October, usually from May to August.

Distribution: northern Atlantic from Bay of Biscay to Iceland and western Barents Sea, western Baltic, rarely to Gulf of Finland. Elsewhere, in western North Atlantic.

Eggs, larvae and young stages. Ehrenbaum and Strodmann, 1904: 79, fig 4 | Ehrenbaum, 1909: 280, fig. 101 | Kazanova, 1953: 243, fig. 17-18.
Otoliths (sagitta). Fryd, 1901: 29 | Schmidt, 1968: 19, pl. 3 (fig. 40), pl. 16.